Background Royal jelly consumption has recently been linked with acute asthma, anaphylaxis and death.
A cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of and the relationship between royal jelly consumption and hypersensitivity reactions.
Methods 1472 hospital employees of a teaching hospital in Hong Kong completed a questionnaire on royal jelly consumption and related allergic symptoms, and 176 questionnaire respondents and 300 consecutive asthma clinic patients were skin tested to royal jelly.
Results Royal jelly consumption was high, with 461 out of 1472 subjects (31.3%) having taken royal jelly in the past.
A total of nine subjects reported 14 adverse reactions to royal jelly, including urticaria, eczema, rhinitis and acute asthma.
Thirteen out of 176 questionnaire respondents (7.4%) and 23 out of 300 consecutive asthma clinic attendees (7.3%) had positive skin test to pure royal jelly.
All but one of the 36 subjects with positive royal jelly skin test were atopic to other common allergens.
Positive associations were found between positive royal jelly skin test and atopy (OR=33.73,95% CI 4.51 to 252.11), adverse reactions to royal jelly and a history of clinical allergy (OR=2.88,95% CI 0.72 to 11.58), but not between royal jelly symptoms and previous royal jelly intake.
Conclusion Royal jelly consumption is high in the community of Hong Kong. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Etiologie, Rhinite, Allergie, Eczéma, Urticaire, Gelée royale, Aliment, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Hong Kong, Asie, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, ORL pathologie, Nez pathologie, Immunopathologie, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Etiology, Rhinitis, Allergy, Eczema, Urticaria, Royal jelly, Food, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Hong Kong, Asia, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, ENT disease, Nose disease, Immunopathology, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0211854
Code Inist : 002B06C01. Création : 21/05/1997.