Background Allergic diseases present a major health burden for children as shown by the rising morbidity and increased mortality from asthma.
Information on the prevalences of allergic disorders and contributing factors as well will help to establish feasible measures to change this trend, and more efficient assignment of the limited health resources.
Objective To assess the prevalences of asthma and other allergic diseases and the contribution of various risk factors in primary school children in Edirne, Turkey.
Methods Children aged 7 to 12 in primary schools in the municipality and 24 villages of Edirne were surveyed via a questionnaire completed by the parents.
The cumulative (lifetime) and current (last 12 months) prevalences of allergic diseases and the presence of passive smoking, atopic family history, animal contact and breast-feeding in infancy were determined.
Results A total of 5412 children (70.1% from the metropolitan and 29.9% from the rural area) were enrolled.
The cumulative and current prevalences of all allergic diseases were 24.6% and 9.9% respectively.
The cumulative (lifetime) prevalences of bronchial asthma, wheezing, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis were 16.4%, 18.9%, 12.3% and 2.2%, and the current (last 12 months) prevalences were 5.6%, 5.8%, 4.5% and 0.9% respectively.
Three-fourths of the children were exposed to tobacco smoke at home.
Atopic heredity appeared the most prominent risk factor for any allergic disorder. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Rhinite, Allergie, Dermatite atopique, Prévalence, Ecole, Epidémiologie, Turquie, Asie, Enfant, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, ORL pathologie, Nez pathologie, Immunopathologie, Atopie, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Rhinitis, Allergy, Atopic dermatitis, Prevalence, School, Epidemiology, Turkey, Asia, Child, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, ENT disease, Nose disease, Immunopathology, Atopy, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0209450
Code Inist : 002B06C01. Création : 21/05/1997.