Increased risk of lung cancer among male professional drivers in urban but not rural areas of Sweden.
Objectives-To study the risk of lung cancer in different subgroups of professional drivers in urban and rural areas of Sweden.
Methods-Information on occupation and geographical region was obtained from the Swedish census of 1970 and data on the incidence of lung cancer between 1971 and 1984 from the National Swedish Cancer Registry.
Professional drivers were separated into bus, taxi, and long and short distance lorry drivers.
Comparisons of cumulative incidence of lung cancer were made between each particular group of drivers and gainfully employed men in the same region.
Taxi drivers, and long and short distance lorry drivers in Stockholm County showed increased relative risks (RRs) of lung cancer with the highest risk among the short distance lorry drivers (RR 2.0,95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.5 to 2.6).
These categories of drivers also showed increased risks in the other two large conurbations in Sweden.
In the rest of the country (mainly rural areas) there were no increased RRs for any category of driver.
The RR for bus drivers was not increased in any region.
After adjustment for assumed differences in smoking habits the RRs remained significantly increased for lorry drivers in Stockholm but not for other groups of drivers in other areas.
However, the RRs remained numerically higher in large conurbations than in rural regions for all groups of drivers. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Homme, Conducteur véhicule, Tumeur maligne, Bronchopulmonaire, Suède, Europe, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Milieu urbain, Milieu rural, Variation géographique, Taxi, Gaz échappement, Carcinogène, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Bronche pathologie, Carburant diesel, Essence, Toxicité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Human, Vehicle driver, Malignant tumor, Bronchopulmonary, Sweden, Europe, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Urban environment, Rural environment, Geographical variation, Taxi, Exhaust gas, Carcinogen, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Bronchus disease, Diesel fuel, Gasoline, Toxicity
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0209244
Code Inist : 002B11A. Création : 21/05/1997.