This paper examines the combined effects of a severe economic decline since 1989 and a tightening of the US embargo in 1992 on health and health care in Cuba.
Data from surveillance systems for nutrition, reportable diseases, and hospital diagnoses were reviewed.
These sources were supplemented with utilization data from the national health system and interviews with health leaders.
Changes in Cuba include declining nutritional levels, rising rates of infectious diseases and violent death, and a deteriorating public health infrastructure.
But despite these threats, mortality levels for children and women remain low.
Instead, much of the health impact of the economic decline of Cuba has fallen on adult men and the elderly.
To be consistent with international humanitarian law, embargoes must not impede access to essential humanitarian goods.
Yet this embargo has raised the cost of medical supplies and food.
Rationing, universal access to primary health services, a highly educated population, and preferential access to scarce goods for women and children help protect most Cubans from what otherwise might have been a health disaster.
Mots-clés Pascal : Crise économique, Embargo, Santé, Alimentation, Service santé, Influence, Homme, Système santé, Cuba, Antilles, Amérique Centrale, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Economic crisis, Embargo, Health, Feeding, Health service, Influence, Human, Health system, Cuba, West Indies, Central America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0205353
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 21/05/1997.