This research compared the validity of self-reports of cigarette smoking for African-American, Hispanic, and White respondents.
Previous research has raised a question about the validity of self-report for African Americans.
A self-report of cigarette smoking was obtained together with a measure of carbon monoxide from expired air.
Convergence between self-reported smoking and the biochemical measure was analyzed separately for three ethnic groups at 7th grade, 8th grade, 9th grade, and 10th grade.
Analyses indicated that the validity of self-reports of smoking was generally comparable across ethnic groups.
Sensitivity and specifidity were comparable with data reported in recent meta-analyses.
Though sensitivity was slightly lower for minority adolescents than for White adolescents, prevalence rates corrected for group differences in sensivity showed significantly lower smoking rates for African-American and Hispanic adolescents than for White adolescents.
The lower smoking rates reported for African-American adolescents are real and are not substantially a consequence of reporting artifacts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Questionnaire, Autoévaluation, Epidémiologie, Méthodologie, Evaluation performance, Validité, Adolescent, Homme, Race, Ethnie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Questionnaire, Self evaluation, Epidemiology, Methodology, Performance evaluation, Validity, Adolescent, Human, Race, Ethnic group, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0205134
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 21/05/1997.