To identify characteristics associated with problem drinking (PD) and alcohol dependence (AD) in women.
Subjects were 2,163 white women aged 17-55 from the population-based Virginia Twin Registry.
Measures were selected from a clinical interview and questionnaires to reflect five domains associated with alcoholism in prior studies : demographic characteristics, personality, health, and personal and family history of psychopathology.
Logistic and linear regression analyses were used to predict PD and DSM-III-R defined AD.
Multiple regression models accounted for 19% of the variance in PD (significant predictors included : higher parental education-particularly among younger women, being the primary breadwinner, less frequent church attendance, higher scores on measures of neuroticism, extraversion and interpersonal dependency, history of major depression and social phobia, paternal PD and maternal treatment for emotional problems) ; 9% of the variance in diagnosis of AD (predicted by generalized anxiety, paternal depression and maternal PD) ; and 20% of the variance in number of symptoms of AD (predicted by the interaction of younger age and less-educated parents, higher neuroticism and mastery, lower optimism, generalized anxiety and agoraphobia, and maternal PD). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Complication, Alcoolisme, Dépendance, Prédiction, Jumeau, Adulte, Homme, Femelle, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Complication, Alcoholism, Dependence, Prediction, Twin, Adult, Human, Female, Epidemiology, Risk factor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0202928
Code Inist : 002B18H07. Création : 21/05/1997.