Two groups of randomly chosen individuals who lived in two communities located different distances from the airport were studied.
We monitored audiometry and brainstem auditory-evoked potentials to evaluate cochlear and retrocochlear functions in the individuals studied.
The results of audiometry measurements indicated that hearing ability was reduced significantly in individuals who lived near the airport and who were exposed frequently to aircraft noise.
Values of pure-tone average, high pure-tone average, and threshold at 4 kHz were all higher in individuals who lived near the airport, compared with those who lived farther away.
With respect to brainstem auditory-evoked potentials, latencies between the two groups were not consistently different ; however, the abnormality rate of such potentials was significantly higher in volunteers who lived near the airport, compared with less-exposed counterparts.
In addition, a positive correlation was found between brainstem auditory-evoked potential latency and behavioral hearing threshold of high-frequency tone in exposed volunteers.
We not only confirmed that damage to the peripheral cochlear organs occurred in individuals exposed frequently to aircraft noise, but we demonstrated involvement of the central auditory pathway.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble dû au bruit, Trouble audition, Zone résidentielle, Proximité, Aéroport, Surveillance sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Audiométrie, Homme, Potentiel évoqué auditif, Electrophysiologie, Taiwan, Asie, ORL pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acoustic trauma, Auditory disorder, Residential zone, Proximity, Airport, Sanitary surveillance, Epidemiology, Audiometry, Human, Auditory evoked potential, Electrophysiology, Taiwan, Asia, ENT disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0197021
Code Inist : 002B30A02B. Création : 21/05/1997.