To review clinical interventions designed to change care at the end of life.
Published results of clinical trials identified by MEDLINE searches, review of abstracts from meetings, and selected bibliographies.
Studies were included if data were presented on a clinical intervention designed to change medical care at the end of life.
Studies done in nonclinical settings or outside the United States were excluded.
Interventions were classified as targeting patients, physicians, or both and were analyzed by their effect on four common clinical goals : increasing use of patient preferences, decreasing pain and suffering, reducing use of life-sustaining treatments, and reducing costs.
Positive and negative trial results were compared for differences in intervention, target group, and strength of study methods.
Educational interventions usually increased expression of patient treatment preferences.
Success rates were higher when more severely ill patients were targeted and when written materials were combined with repeated discussions in clinical encounters.
Educational interventions with physicians led to increased use of patient preferences, but sophisticated educational techniques were needed to motivate physicians to change their behavior.
Three studies provided limited evidence that physician education reduced the use of life-sustaining treatments. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Intervention, Soin, Modification, Extrémité, Vie physiologique, Malade, Synthèse bibliographique, Ethique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Operation, Care, Modification, End, Life (physiology), Patient, Bibliographic survey, Ethics, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0196982
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 21/05/1997.