Urinary schistosomiasis among school children in Nigeria : Consequences of indigenous beliefs and water contact activities.
A study of urinary schistosomiasis in Umueze-Anam, Anambra State, Nigeria, showed a Schistosoma haematobium infection of 26% (85) among school children with no significant difference by sex except when age as a variable is introduced.
Eleven percent (37) of the 333 children were positive for haematuria ; all these 37 children lived within 1.0 km of the water sources.
Of the 85 infected children, swimming and laundering accounted for 65% and 48% of all water contact activities, for boys and girls respectively.
One-third of the 230 adults interviewed believed haematuria to be a venereal disease and 20% thought it was a sign of maturity.
Individual perception of causation and seriousness of haematuria differed by level of education and by sex.
Less than 2% of the respondents knew that snails transmitted the disease.
The effects of social restrictions on the epidemiology of infection is discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Schistosomiase, Trématodose, Helminthiase, Parasitose, Infection, Voie urinaire, Eau, Transmission, Perception sociale, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Etiologie, Contamination biologique, Enfant, Homme, Milieu scolaire, Nigéria, Afrique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Voie urinaire pathologie, Appareil urinaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Schistosomiasis, Trematode disease, Helminthiasis, Parasitosis, Infection, Urinary tract, Water, Transmission, Social perception, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Etiology, Biological contamination, Child, Human, School environment, Nigeria, Africa, Respiratory disease, Urinary tract disease, Urinary system disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0191926
Code Inist : 002B05E03C1. Création : 21/05/1997.