Accelerated disease control initiatives, such as polio eradication by the year 2000, may substantially benefit public health programs in general.
In Egypt, the control of other vaccine-preventable diseases, most noticeably neonatal tetanus (NT), has been facilitated by the polio eradication initiative.
Linking NT reporting with the acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance system, which had been established for polio eradication, markedly improved the capacity to identify NT high-risk areas and target supplementary immunization activities appropriately.
While the close integration of surveillance activities was to the benefit of both programs, mass immunization activities were not conducted simultaneously because of differences in the objectives, target populations, and operational aspects of oral polio vaccine and tetanus toxoid campaigns.
In addition to substantial progress toward polio eradication in Egypt since 1988, there has been an 80% reduction in annual NT cases, in part due to the integration of appropriate aspects of these two disease control initiatives.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Politique sanitaire, Eradication, Immunoprophylaxie, Vaccination, Campagne de masse, Influence, Morbidité, Tétanos, Bactériose, Néonatal, Résultat, Enfant, Homme, Egypte, Afrique, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie, Neuromusculaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Health policy, Eradication, Immunoprophylaxis, Vaccination, Mass campaign, Influence, Morbidity, Tetanus, Bacteriosis, Neonatal, Result, Child, Human, Egypt, Africa, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease, Neuromuscular diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0188150
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.