Pakistan conducted national immunization days (NIDs) for the first time in 1994.
To estimate coverage, to evaluate risk factors for failure to be immunized, and to determine the effectiveness of mass media, parents of 1288 children in 714 households in four districts were surveyed after the first NID round.
In each district, a high proportion of children (93% - 96%) received oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) during the NID.
In three districts, unimmunized or partially immunized children were less likely to receive NID OPV than were fully immunized children (Kohistan, P<. 001 ; Quetta, P<. 001 ; and Sibi, P=05).
Although a high proportion of children in each age cohort received NID OPV, in three districts children 0-11 months of age were less likely to receive NID OPV than were older children.
Television and radio reached a high proportion of survey households, but other mass media were less effectively utilized.
Risk factor and media effectiveness surveys provide important information that is useful for planning future NIDs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Stratégie, Eradication, Immunoprophylaxie, Vaccination, Campagne de masse, Evaluation performance, Surveillance, Immunisation, Résultat, Enfant, Homme, Pakistan, Asie, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Strategy, Eradication, Immunoprophylaxis, Vaccination, Mass campaign, Performance evaluation, Surveillance, Immunization, Result, Child, Human, Pakistan, Asia, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0188138
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.