In 1986, surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases among children<15 years of age was implemented in Latin America as part of the initiative to eradicate poliomyelitis from the Western Hemisphere.
Data on AFP, including Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), could be analyzed from a regional registry system and from specific GBS studies in seven countries.
Between 1989 and 1991,3112 cases of GBS were reported in Latin America, representing 52% of all nonpolio AFP cases.
From the studies in seven countries, a total of 1527 GBS cases (49%) were studied, representing an overall annual incidence rate of 0.91/100,000 children<15 years old.
Follow-up investigations showed a persistent muscular weakness at 60 days, 6 months, and 1 year after onset in 61%, 14%, and 10% of children, respectively.
This study confirms that with the disappearance of polio, GBS arises as the most common cause of AFP.
Mots-clés Pascal : Paralysie, Flasque, Stratégie, Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Eradication, Diagnostic différentiel, Polyradiculonévrite Guillain Barré, Incidence, Morbidité, Evolution, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Homme, Amérique Latine, Amérique, Système nerveux pathologie, Trouble moteur, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie, Nerf périphérique pathologie, Maladie inflammatoire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Paralysis, Flange, Strategy, Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Eradication, Differential diagnostic, Guillain Barré syndrome, Incidence, Morbidity, Evolution, Epidemiology, Child, Human, Latin America, America, Nervous system diseases, Motor system disorder, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease, Peripheral nerve disease, Inflammatory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0188133
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.