Polio eradication activities in the Western Pacific Region (WPR) have reduced the transmission of wild poliovirus to one remaining focus of endemic transmission in the Mekong Delta area of South Vietnam and Cambodia.
There has been a high level of government commitment for national immunization days in all WPR countries in which poliomyelitis was previously endemic and for continuous improvement in acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance quality.
The total number of reported confirmed poliomyelitis cases in 1995 (as of June 1996) was 432, only 7% of the total of 5825 cases reported in 1990.
In 1995, wild poliovirus was isolated from only 19 of 4800 AFP patients from whom specimens were collected and analyzed.
There has been one importation of wild poliovirus type 1 into China from a neighboring country.
An international Regional Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication in the WPR has been formed and met for the first time in April 1996.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Stratégie, Eradication, Evolution, Incidence, Paralysie, Flasque, Influence, Immunoprophylaxie, Vaccination, Etude statistique, Homme, Océan Pacifique ouest, Océan Pacifique, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie, Trouble moteur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Strategy, Eradication, Evolution, Incidence, Paralysis, Flange, Influence, Immunoprophylaxis, Vaccination, Statistical study, Human, West Pacific, Pacific Ocean, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease, Motor system disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0188123
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.