Significant progress is being made towards the global eradication of poliomyelitis by the year 2000.
The strategies recommended by the World Health Organization for polio eradication are as follows :
maintaining high routine immunization coverage ;
conducting nationwide mass immunization campaigns ;
building effective, laboratory-based surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis ;
and conducting localized immunization campaigns directed at the final reservoirs of virus transmission.
Sixty-three countries have conducted nationwide anti-polio immunization campaigns.
Three hundred million children were immunized in these campaigns worldwide in 1995.
The reported incidence of poliomyelitis has fallen by ~80% since the global target was set in 1988, and the geographic range of polio is being restricted.
The major challenges for achieving eradication are establishing effective surveillance systems in all countries and mobilizing the resources needed to fully implement the recommended strategies in the 67 countries in which polio remains endemic.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Stratégie, Eradication, Politique sanitaire, Immunoprophylaxie, Vaccination, Surveillance, Localisation, Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Résultat, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Strategy, Eradication, Health policy, Immunoprophylaxis, Vaccination, Surveillance, Localization, Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Result, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0188107
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.