Risk of infection with Helicobacter pylori and hepatitis A virus in different groups of hospital workers.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether different staff groups in an acute care hospital are at increased risk of acquiring Helicobacter pylori and hepatitis A virus infection.
We examined staff members of an acute care hospital for serum antibodies to H. pylori IgG (n=457) and to hepatitis A virus (n=434).
The staff members were assigned to three groups : 1) nonmedical staff (n=110), 2) medical and nursing staff (n=272), and 3) medical and nursing staff working in a gastroenterology and endoscopy unit (n=75).
Serum antibodies were measured by validated enzyme immunoassays.
A questionnaire inquiring about medical and professional history, history of upper GI pain and ulcer, as well as about the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs or medication for GI complaints and smoking habits was completed by each person.
The seroprevalence of H. pylori was 35.5% in group I, 34.6% in group II, and 24.0% in group III (not significant).
The seroprevalence of H. pylori antibodies increased with age (p<0.001), and antibodies were present more frequently in women than in men (36.2 vs 25.4%, p<0.05).
After adjustment for age, duration of experience and the number of years working in the gastroenterology or endoscopy unit did not increase H. pylori seropositivity.
No significant association was found between H. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale A, Virose, Infection, Virus hépatite A, Picornaviridae, Virus, Gastrite, Campylobactériose, Bactériose, Helicobacter pylori, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Bactérie, Facteur risque, Exposition professionnelle, Equipe soignante, Etude statistique, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Estomac pathologie, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis A, Viral disease, Infection, Hepatitis A virus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Gastritis, Campylobacter infection, Bacteriosis, Helicobacter pylori, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Bacteria, Risk factor, Occupational exposure, Health care staff, Statistical study, Human, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, Gastric disease, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0187429
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 21/05/1997.