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  1. National immunization days : State of the art.

    Article - En anglais

    National immunization days (NIDs) are nationwide mass campaigns to deliver supplemental doses of oral poliovirus vaccine to interrupt the circulation of wild polioviruses.

    They constitute one of the critical strategies for global poliomyelitis eradication and should be implemented in all countries with widespread poliovirus transmission.

    The certification of wild poliovirus eradication from the Western Hemisphere in September 1994 verified the effectiveness of this aspect of the World Health Organization's (WHO) overall strategy for polio eradication by the year 2000.

    NIDs require careful advanced planning and orchestration by each country.

    WHO provides specific guidelines for NIDs regarding the season, target age group, duration, frequency, inclusion of other interventions, vaccine delivery strategies, and evaluation.

    With strong routine immunization programs and the effective implementation of NIDs, « mop-up » campaigns, and acute flaccid paralysis surveillance, the goal of global polio eradication will be achieved.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Stratégie, Eradication, Campagne de masse, Immunoprophylaxie, Organisation, Politique sanitaire, Résultat, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Strategy, Eradication, Mass campaign, Immunoprophylaxis, Organization, Health policy, Result, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0186674

    Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.