Experience with national immunization days (NIDs) in six countries of the Western Pacific Region has shown that political support at all levels, detailed logistics plans, strategies appropriate to the local situation, and simple social mobilization messages have been key factors in the success of NIDs.
Conventional strategies that may apply to conducting routine Expanded Programme on Immunization vaccinations do not necessarily apply to NIDs, in which the maximum number of children must be immunized in 1 or 2 days.
Setting up temporary immunization posts at sites convenient to the local situation, moving the posts once or twice during the course of a day, and using volunteers to staff them are among many of the adaptations used successfully.
Coverage figures published immediately after an NID can be misleading because of uncertainty about the true denominator.
The true measure of the success of NIDs is in surveillance for wild poliovirus after the event.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Stratégie, Eradication, Campagne de masse, Immunoprophylaxie, Organisation, Résultat, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Strategy, Eradication, Mass campaign, Immunoprophylaxis, Organization, Result, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0186634
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.