Traduction en anglais : A quarter of a century of psychiatric rehabilitation in Germany.
The past quarter of a century marks the first and decisive phase of mental health care reform in Germany and of psychiatric rehabilitation throughout the world.
During this great awakening, psychiatry passed beyond the custodial system of care, where potent therapy instruments were lacking and the connection to society, its living standard and progress in medicine had been lost.
In Germany, the crucial step to modernity was taken with the creation of the Expert Commission on Mental Health Care in 1970 to 1975.
The birth hour of rehabilitation followed the insight produced by Wing and Brown in 1970 and Wing and Bennett in 1972 that secondary impairments caused by social deprivation during long-term hospital stay can be favourably influenced by means of rehabilitation programmes.
Inspired by the Expert Commission's report, and encouraged further by the recommendations of the Central Institute of Mental Health for the State of Baden-Württemberg (1987) and of an expert commission for the Federal Republic of Germany (1988), the Federal, State and Local governments as well as public welfare organizations supplied considerable funds for the development of services and programmes aimed at the reintegration of the chronically mentally ill and disabled. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé mentale, Réhabilitation, Trouble psychiatrique, Système santé, Organisation santé, Homme, Historique, Allemagne, Europe, Réforme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental health, Rehabilitation, Mental disorder, Health system, Public health organization, Human, Case history, Germany, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0184549
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 21/05/1997.