An enquiry has been made into the causes of admission in 1994 of African patients to Gelukspan Hospital, North West Province, South Africa.
The study concerned 3791 patients of whom 3533 (93.2%) were classifiable.
Two groups were not included in this number, namely, 1584'lodgers' (e.g. mothers of infants), and 1868 females admitted for normal pregnancy.
Of the 3533 patients, 940 (26.6%) were aged 14 years and younger ; 545 (58.0%) these were boys and 395 (42.0%) were girls.
The main causes of their admission were pneumonia, gastroenteritis, trauma, poisoning, and infections.
Of the 2593 adults, 1418 (54.7%) were males and 1175 (45.3%) females.
Among males, chief causes were pulmonary tuberculosis, trauma and accidents, congestive cardiac failure, psychosis, cancer and diabetes.
Of the females, chief causes were pulmonary tuberculosis, trauma and accidents, pregnancy related disorders, gastroenteritis, anaemia and pneumonia.
Regarding other diseases, 4.5% of adults were admitted for cancer, and 1.8% for diabetes.
The general pattern of admissions is similar to that reported in other rural hospitals.
The causes of admissions are discussed, regarding ; (i) public health improvements occurring, and (ii) means of promoting further improvements by community self-help, and by help from State health and other services.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hospitalisation, République Sud Africaine, Afrique, Epidémiologie, Etiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospitalization, South Africa, Africa, Epidemiology, Etiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0181667
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 21/05/1997.