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  1. National surveillance of dialysis associated diseases in the United states-1994.

    Article - En anglais

    Dialysis centers in the United States were surveyed in 1994 regarding a number of hemodialysis associated diseases and practices.

    A total of 2,449 centers, representing 206,884 patients and 50,314 staff members, responded.

    In 1994,99% of centers used bicarbonate dialysate as the primary method of dialysis, 45% used high flux dialysis, and 75% reused dialyzers.

    Hepatitis B vaccine had been administered to 31% of patients and to 80% of staff members.

    Acute infection with hepatitis B virus occurred in 0.1% of patients and was more likely to be reported by centers with lower proportions of patients vaccinated against hepatitis B virus and those not using a separate room and dialysis machine to treat hepatitis B surface antigen positive patients.

    The prevalence of antibody to hepatitis C virus was 10.5% among patients and 1.9% among staff members and varied according to geographic region.

    Pyrogenic reactions in the absence of septicemia were reported by 22% of centers and were most highly associated with dialyzer reuse.

    Human immunodeficiency virus infection was reported to be present in 1.5% of patients ; 37% of centers provided hemodialysis to one or more patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hémodialyse, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Complication, Surveillance, Homme, Epuration extrarénale

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hemodialysis, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Complication, Surveillance, Human, Extrarenal dialysis

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0181360

    Code Inist : 002B27B03. Création : 21/05/1997.