Prolongation of hospital stay and extra costs due to hospital-acquired infection in a neonatal unit.
A case-control study to evaluate the mean extra stay and corresponding cost of neonates acquiring a hospital-acquired infection (HAI) was performed on all patients admitted to a neonatology unit and discharged alive in 1994.
Cases were identified from medical records.
Controls were matched to cases for birthweight, gestational age, mode of admission to the unit, previous stay in an intensive care unit and presence of a central venous catheter.
Costs were taken as those of the extra days attributable to HAI, i.e. the mean difference in the length of stay between cases and controls.
Among a cohort of 616 neonates, 34 (5.5%) had one or more HAIs (average=1.1).
The mean extra cost per infected case was 52192 FF (US$10 440), corresponding to 5.2 extra days in hospital.
Mots-clés Pascal : Service hospitalier, Néonatologie, Nouveau né, Homme, Durée, Hospitalisation, Infection nosocomiale, Etude cas témoin, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospital ward, Neonatology, Newborn, Human, Duration, Hospitalization, Nosocomial infection, Case control study, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0181303
Code Inist : 002B27B11. Création : 21/05/1997.