The purpose of this study was to pilot test the effects of a theoretically driven intervention program (COPE=Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment) on the coping outcomes of critically ill children and their mothers.
Thirty mothers of 1-to 6-year-old children in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) were randomly assigned to receive COPE or a comparison program.
Mothers who received the COPE program :
(a) provided more support to their children during intrusive procedures ;
(b) provided more emotional support to their children ;
(c) reported less negative mood state and less parental stress related to their children's emotions and behaviors ;
and (d) reported fewer post-traumatic stress symptoms and less parental role change four weeks following hospitalization.
Results indicate the need to educate parents regarding their children's responses as they recover from critical illness and how they can assist their children in coping with the stressful experience.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hospitalisation, Soin intensif, Enfant, Homme, Coping, Comportement, Attitude, Support social, Personnel sanitaire, Echelle évaluation, Angoisse anxiété, Stress, Programme, Evaluation, Comportement aide, Femme, Mère, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospitalization, Intensive care, Child, Human, Coping, Behavior, Attitude, Social support, Health staff, Evaluation scale, Anxiety, Stress, Program, Evaluation, Helping behavior, Woman, Mother, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0180750
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 21/05/1997.