The measurement of urinary cobalt as an estimator of exposure to airborne cobalt was evaluated during the wet sharpening of hard metal and stellite blades.
The following possible confounding factors were also studied : smoking habits, personal hygiene, cobalt absorption through the skin, beer drinking, and vitamin B12 consumption.
The study was conducted in 16 different workplaces manufacturing or maintaining blades and in laboratory experiments.
Cobalt contamination and its removal from workers'hands were studied with different hand-washing methods, and cobalt from used gloves was also analyzed.
The Finnish biomonitoring action level of 600 nmol/l (35.4 mug/l) was exceeded in 4 of the 16 workplaces, and the mean concentration of urinary cobalt was 241 (8-2705) nmol/l [14.2 (0.5-160) mug/l]. The coefficient of correlation between the cobalt concentrations in the air and in the workers'urine was 0.753.
The urinary cobalt concentration corresponding to the Finnish occupational exposure limit for airborne cobalt (0.05mg/m3) was 686nmol/l (40.5 mug/l).
The level of personal hygiene affected the urinary cobalt concentrations, and cobalt was absorbed through the skin.
Beer and vitamin B12 consumption did not have any effect on the urinary levels of cobalt.
The workers who smoked had higher urinary concentrations of cobalt than the nonsmoking workers. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Cobalt, Métal lourd, Taux, Urine, Homme, Surveillance biologique, Exposition professionnelle, Métallurgie, Inhalation, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cobalt, Heavy metal, Rate, Urine, Human, Biological monitoring, Occupational exposure, Metallurgy, Inhalation, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0173401
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 21/05/1997.