Different formulations based on multibody dynamics are shown to be suitable for the development of a methodology for the impact simulation and crashworthiness design of railway vehicles.
The proposed design methodology comprises different computer-aided tools of increasing complexity and accuracy which can be used with greater advantage and efficiency in the different design stages of railway stock.
In general, the crashworthiness design methods and associated multibody dynamic tools which are presented in this paper require information to be obtained from numerical or experimental crush tests of specific structural components, subassemblies and critical energy absorption devices normally located in car extremities.
This hybrid feature lends to the present design process various efficiency gains as a result of a better understanding of the crash and different collapse mechanisms and ease of use.
To access the merits of the present methodologies some new designs are discussed and the application of the proposed numerical tools is illustrated for different structural configurations of car extremities.
A formulation for the sensitivity analysis and optimization of planar constrained mechanical systems is also presented.
An example of crashworthiness design of an end underframe model of a railway car is solved to demonstrate the use of the methodology.
Mots-clés Pascal : Application, Véhicule, Résistance choc(véhicule), Conception, Optimisation, Simulation ordinateur, Structure flexible, Analyse sensibilité, Dynamique, Transport ferroviaire, Théorie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Train vehicles, Application, Vehicles, Crashworthiness, Design, Optimization, Computer simulation, Flexible structures, Sensitivity analysis, Dynamics, Railroad transportation, Theory
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0169085
Code Inist : 001D15D. Création : 21/05/1997.