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  1. Outbreak of multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus : A cluster analysis.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    Outbreaks of multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus over eight years were investigated to prevent future endemic.

    Methods

    Isolates of multiresistant S. aureus underwent a cluster analysis combined with canonical discriminant analysis using bacteriologic biotyping and sensitivity to 21 drugs.

    Results

    Of a total of 786 strains recovered from 155 in-patients, the specialty surgical ward (SW) exhibited 470 isolates (59.8%) and the general SW 214 (27.2%). Among six clusters formed, four clusters were predominant in the general SW.

    An ordination diagram from the canonical discriminant analysis revealed a distribution in which clusters were localized temporally (year) and spatially (ward).

    A yearly shift of clusters indicated emergence of a new phenotype of multiresistant S. aureus.

    Conclusions

    The cluster analysis of isolates of multiresistant S. aureus using biotyping and sensitivity may supplement the classical method of tracing the spreading patterns of this microbe.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bactérie, Bactériose, Infection, Infection nosocomiale, Homme, Analyse amas, Milieu hospitalier, Epidémiologie, Résistance multiple, Biotypie, Japon, Asie, Souche résistante méticilline

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bacteria, Bacteriosis, Infection, Nosocomial infection, Human, Cluster analysis, Hospital environment, Epidemiology, Multiple resistance, Biotyping, Japan, Asia

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0166698

    Code Inist : 002B05B02P. Création : 21/05/1997.