This paper describes the development, testing, and validation of summary scales measuring nursing processes commonly used in caring for elderly nursing home residents with cognitive, mood, and behavior problems, or other markers of mental disorder.
Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study of 1017 residents from a proportionate random sample in Delaware nursing facilities, to determine the prevalence of mental disorders and to describe distinguishing characteristics and treatments.
An exploratory factor analysis was performed on 11 frequently encountered nursing management strategies as applied to 808 subjects with some indicator of mental disorder.
Two factors emerged, which were subsequently conceptualized as separate scales (composed of six and five elements, respectively) that measure the basic approaches termed Encouragement and Control.
Alpha reliability levels determined internal consistency for each scale.
Cognitive, behavioral, and mood correlates were identified for each scale using multiple regression.
Replication and validation were achieved when similar findings were obtained using a random sample of 290 residents at Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged, a 725-bed long-term care facility in Boston.
LISREL analyses confirmed the presence of at least two dimensions in behavior management strategies. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Echelle évaluation, Trouble psychiatrique, Vieillard, Homme, Etablissement troisième âge, Nursing, Soin, Infirmier, Validation test, Fidélité test, Trouble cognition, Trouble comportement, Trouble humeur, Psychométrie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Evaluation scale, Mental disorder, Elderly, Human, Homes for the aged, Nursing, Care, Nurse, Test validation, Test reliability, Cognitive disorder, Behavioral disorder, Mood disorder, Psychometrics
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0166690
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 21/05/1997.