The Tonga of Southern Zambia usually refer to a traditional disease, kahungo, when talking about AIDS.
Such an association of AIDS with a traditional disease could easily be interpreted as a cultural obstacle to an understanding of AIDS and thus to a change of behaviour.
However, a close investigation shows that this association is not the result of categorical thinking, but rather of narrative logic.
What people are actually articulating when they associate AIDS with kahungo is a narrative about order, disorder and respect for existing rules and values of the society.
The paper investigates how the dynamic notion of narrative may help us to get a better understanding of how people work towards a shared understanding of a new disease, and the implications this may have for AIDS education.
It is argued that such local versions of the « story about AIDS » should be taken seriously and that they may contain as much « truth » as the version of the « North » which is usually promoted in AIDS education.
AIDS education should, rather than being a transfer of knowledge, be an exchange of narratives and an attempt to « set a story in motion », that hinders the spread of AIDS.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Narration, Discours, Analyse contenu, Zambie, Afrique, Compréhension, Education santé, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Ethnie Tonga
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Narrative, Discourse, Content analysis, Zambia, Africa, Comprehension, Health education, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0166648
Code Inist : 002A26N06. Création : 21/05/1997.