The aim of this study was to determine the best predictors of safe sex practices among HIV seropositive gay men.
A group of 96 homosexual men living with HIV completed a questionnaire that investigated theoretical constructs of the Ajzen's (1988) theory of planned behavior with respect to condom use for anal intercourse and sexual practices without anal intercourse.
Other variables such as Triandis's (1977) construct of personal normative belief, psychological distress, and alcohol and drug use before sexual encounters were also investigated.
Results indicated that the best predictor of intention to use condoms was perceived behavioral control.
Personal normative belief was another important predictor of this intention.
Although the best predictor of intention to have only sex without anal intercourse was perceived subjective norm, this intention was also significantly explained by perceived behavioral control.
Moreover, perceived behavioral control was a significant predictor of having only sex without anal intercourse.
Public health interventions among HIV seropositive gay men should aim mainly at increasing perception of behavioral control.
Mots-clés Pascal : Séropositivité, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Comportement sexuel, Prévention, Homosexualité, Homme, Planification, Attitude, Intention, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Seropositivity, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Sexual behavior, Prevention, Homosexuality, Human, Planning, Attitude, Intention, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0164708
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 21/05/1997.