Problems in conducting economic evaluations alongside clinical trials : Lessons from a study of case management for people with mental disorders.
Background Case management has become the statutory basis ofcommunity care in the UK for people with long-term mental disorders, although a randomised controlled trial found no important improvements over standard care.
Here we compare the costs and cost consequences ofthis intervention with standard care.
Method Resource-use data were collected over a six-month baseline period and for 14 months after randomisation on all patients in the trial.
Results At 14 months the ratio ofcontrol group totreatment group weekly costs was 1.09 (95% Cl 0.86 1.38) for total costs ; 1.12 (0.76 1.65) for state benefits, and 1.21 (0.61-2.42) for health care costs.
Costs were thus lower in the treatment group, but these differences were not significant.
Conclusions Retrospective power calculations indicated that the trial could have detected differences of 30% in total cost, but would have required 700 patients per arm to detect a 20% difference in health care costs.
Hence this study, which had adequate power to detect clinically meaningful differences, was found to be far too small to detect large differences in costs.
Funding agencies increasingly request that clinical trials include economic alongside clinical end-points : these findings may have important lessons for that policy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychiatrie communautaire, Traitement communautaire, Trouble psychiatrique, Analyse coût, Economie santé, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme, Suivi cas
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Community psychiatry, Community treatment, Mental disorder, Cost analysis, Health economy, United Kingdom, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0164676
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 21/05/1997.