A difference in the prevalence of venous thromboembolism (TE) in major human groups has been described and an uneven distribution of FV Leiden mutation over the world has recently been reported.
We investigated FV Leiden mutation in 584 apparently healthy subjects mostly from populations different from those previously investigated : 170 Europeans (Spanish, Italians), 101 sub-saharan Africans (Fon, Bariba, Berba, Dendi), 115 Asians (Indonesians, Chinese, Tharus), 57 Amerindians (Cayapa), 84 Afroamericans (Rio Cayapa, Viche), and 57 Ethiopians (Amhara, Oromo).
The mutation was detected in only 1/115 Asian (Tharu) and in 5/170 Europeans (4 Italians, 1 Spanish).
These data confirm that in non-Europeans the prevalence of FV mutation is at least 7 times lower than in Europeans and provide indirect evidence of a low prevalence not only of the FV Leiden gene but also of other genes leading to more severe thrombophilia.
Finally, findings from the literature together with those pertaining to this study clearly show a marked heterogeneity among Europeans.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypercoagulabilité, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Amérindien, Noir américain, Asiatique, Africain, Homme, Hémopathie, Coagulopathie, Facteur V Leiden
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypercoagulability, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Amerindian, Black American, Asiatic, African, Human, Hemopathy, Coagulopathy, Factor V Leiden
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0161846
Code Inist : 002B19C. Création : 21/05/1997.