Socioeconomic factors and dental caries in developing countries : A cross-national study.
The purpose of the present study was to analyze statistically correlations between socioeconomic factors and the prevalence of dental caries in developing countries.
The DMFT index, which evaluates the incidence of dental caries, showed a positive correlation (P<0.01) with several socioeconomic factors, such as life expectancy, adult literacy rate, school attendance rate, population employed in the service sector, population aged 15-64 years, and urban population.
According to multiple regression analysis, population aged 15-64 years, population employed in the service sector, and urban population were the most influential independent socioeconomic variables, in descending order, with a regression coefficient of 0.635 and a coefficient of determination of 0.404 (P<0.001).
This finding suggests that the prevalence of dental caries in developing countries increases with the degree of urbanization.
Mots-clés Pascal : Carie dentaire, Statut socioéconomique, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Pays en développement, International, Etude comparative, Stomatologie, Dent pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dental carie, Socioeconomic status, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Developing countries, International, Comparative study, Stomatology, Dental disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0161095
Code Inist : 002B10C02. Création : 21/05/1997.