Nurse staffing patterns and hospital efficiency in the United States.
The objective of this exploratory study was to assess the effects of four nurse staffing patterns on the efficiency of patient care delivery in the hospital :
registered nurses (RNs) from temporary agencies ;
part-time career RNs ;
RN rich skill mix : and organizationally experienced RNs.
Using Transaction Cost Analysis, four regression models were specified to consider the effect of these staffing plans on personnel and benefit costs and on non-personnel operating costs.
A number of additional variables were also included in the models to control for the effect of other organization and environmental determinants of hospital costs.
Use of career part-time RNs and experienced staff reduced both personnel and benefit costs. as well as total non-personnel operating costs, while the use of temporary agencies for RNs increased non-personnel operating costs.
An RN rich skill mix was not related to either measure of hospital costs.
These findings provide partial support of the theory.
Implications of our findings for future research on hospital management are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infirmier, Milieu hospitalier, Stratégie, Efficacité, Qualité, Soin, Organisation hospitalière, Gestion personnel, Etude comparative, Evaluation, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Personnel sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nurse, Hospital environment, Strategy, Efficiency, Quality, Care, Hospital organization, Staff management, Comparative study, Evaluation, Human, United States, North America, America, Health staff
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0160212
Code Inist : 002B30A04D. Création : 21/05/1997.