In order to develop a program for prevention of unwanted pregnancies, we conducted a survey of contraceptive practices and reasons for contraceptive failures of 1520 women seeking abortion at eight large hospitals in Zheng Zhou City, Henan Province, P.R. China, during the period from March 1996 to May 1996.
The most frequent cause of the unplanned pregnancy was contraceptive failure (71.9%) ; 61.7% (938) of these current pregnancies were potentially predictable by virtue of non use of contraception (427) or by recognition of contraceptive failures (511).
Among the contraceptive failures, the proportion of condom mishaps was the highest (29.7%), next was IUD failures (23.5%), then rhythm miscalculation (15.9%). Most of abortion seekers (77.1%) used some contraceptive methods previously.
But, only 19.7% of them used a contraceptive method at the first sexual intercourse.
Among 1520 abortion seekers, 57.6% had used condoms previously ; 50.9% of the condom users had at least one instance of condom mishap.
The rhythm method had been used by 31.7% of abortion seekers previously ; 59.1% of the rhythm users had at least one instance of rhythm failure.
Of the 16.8% of abortion seekers who had used pills, 58.0% of them had pill failures.
Among condom and pill failures, most of them (46.4% condom users and 56.0% pill users) belonged to the user failure category (poor compliance).
Of those seeking abortion, 56.4% had experienced at least one instance of previous abortion ; 5. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Chine, Asie, Homme, Femelle, Avortement provoqué, Prévention, Programme sanitaire, Etude statistique, Attitude, Contraception
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : China, Asia, Human, Female, Induced abortion, Prevention, Sanitary program, Statistical study, Attitude, Contraception
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0160079
Code Inist : 002B20A03. Création : 21/05/1997.