This article addresses the practices of prenatal sex determination and sex-selective abortion through ethnographic research in Shahargaon, a Jat village undergoing rapid urbanization and cultural change in north India.
The paper presents the sociodemographic outcomes of sex-selective abortion practiced within a system of patriarchy, manifested in terms of son preference and daughter disfavor.
It argues that changes from an agriculture to an urban economy have led to a decrease in family size among Shahargaon Jats.
In spite of improvements in educational and economic status, there is a reinforcement of son preference and daughter disfavor in the Jat community in Shahargaon.
Jat couples are using prenatal sex determination and sex-selective abortion to achieve smaller family size and to reduce the number of daughters in a family.
Mots-clés Pascal : Gestation, Sexe, Préférence sociale, Mâle, Exploration ultrason, Amniocentèse, Avortement provoqué, Aspect culturel, Diagnostic, Prénatal, Urbanisation, Femme, Homme, Inde, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pregnancy, Sex, Social preference, Male, Sonography, Amniocentesis, Induced abortion, Cultural aspect, Diagnosis, Prenatal, Urbanization, Woman, Human, India, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0159982
Code Inist : 002B20A03. Création : 21/05/1997.