Background-Hepatoblastoma is a rare, rapidly progressive, usually fatal childhood malignancy, which if confined to the liver can be cured by radical surgical resection.
An association between hepatoblastoma and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), which is due to germline mutation of the APC (adenomatous polyposis coli) gene, has been confirmed, but correlation with site of APC mutation has not been studied.
Aim-To analyse the APC mutational spectrum in FAP families with hepatoblastoma as a possible basis to select kindreds for surveillance.
Patients-Eight patients with hepatoblastoma in seven FAP kindreds were compared with 97 families with identified APC gene mutation in a large Registry.
Methods-APC gene mutation was evaluated by RNase protection assay or in vitro synthesis protein assay.
The khi2 test and correlation were used for data analysis.
APC gene mutation was identified in all seven FAP kindreds in which an at risk member developed hepatoblastoma.
A male predominance was noted (six of eight), similar to literature cases (18 of 25, p<0.01.
Mutations were restricted to codons 141 to 1230, but no significant difference in site of mutation between pedigrees with and without hepatoblastoma was identified.
Conclusions-Hepatoblastoma occurs primarily in boys in FAP kindreds and is associated with germline APC mutation in the 5'end of the gene.
However, the site of APC mutation cannot be used to predict occurrence of this extracolonic cancer in FAP pedigrees.
Mots-clés Pascal : Polypose rectocolique familiale, Complication, Hépatoblastome, Effet inducteur, Mutation, Incidence, Facteur risque, Localisation, Surveillance, Résultat, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Côlon pathologie, Rectum pathologie, Maladie héréditaire, Foie pathologie, Tumeur maligne, Gène APC
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Familial adenomatous polyposis coli, Complication, Hepatoblastoma, Inductive effect, Mutation, Incidence, Risk factor, Localization, Surveillance, Result, Human, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Colonic disease, Rectal disease, Genetic disease, Hepatic disease, Malignant tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0155960
Code Inist : 002B13C01. Création : 21/05/1997.