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  1. Attitudes toward euthanasia of physician members of the Italian Society for Palliative Care.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    The problems related to requests for euthanasia by terminal patients ; the variations in attitude of palliative care physicians and the possibility that availability of the best palliative care might obviate the problem by eliminating requests for euthanasia, are under discussion.

    Design 

    A mailed survey with no possibility of follow-up of all 685 physician members of the Italian Society for Palliative Care (SICP) in 1994.

    Results 

    Of the 359 (52.4%) responders, 139 (39%) had received requests for euthanasia ; 16 of them (4% of the responders but 11.5% of those who received requests) had complied at least once, while 216 (60%) had not ; 125 (35%) thought that euthanasia was'wrong'under all circumstances ; 115 (32%) thought that situations could occur, even in the context of palliative care, in which euthanasia might be ethically'correct'185 (52%) thought that the best palliative care might solve the problem of euthanasia, while 109 (30%) believed otherwise.

    The variable most strongly associated with a negative attitude toward euthanasia and with the opinion that the best palliative care might be a solution to the problem is religious belief (P<0.0001).

    Conclusions 

    The attitudes of physicians practising palliative care in Italy are not different from those reported by previous studies which investigated the attitude of other health professionals. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Soin palliatif, Euthanasie, Médecin, Ethique, Italie, Europe, Enquête, Questionnaire, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Palliative care, Euthanasia, Physician, Ethics, Italy, Europe, Survey, Questionnaire, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0155328

    Code Inist : 002B27C. Création : 21/05/1997.