Attitudes toward euthanasia of physician members of the Italian Society for Palliative Care.
The problems related to requests for euthanasia by terminal patients ; the variations in attitude of palliative care physicians and the possibility that availability of the best palliative care might obviate the problem by eliminating requests for euthanasia, are under discussion.
A mailed survey with no possibility of follow-up of all 685 physician members of the Italian Society for Palliative Care (SICP) in 1994.
Of the 359 (52.4%) responders, 139 (39%) had received requests for euthanasia ; 16 of them (4% of the responders but 11.5% of those who received requests) had complied at least once, while 216 (60%) had not ; 125 (35%) thought that euthanasia was'wrong'under all circumstances ; 115 (32%) thought that situations could occur, even in the context of palliative care, in which euthanasia might be ethically'correct'185 (52%) thought that the best palliative care might solve the problem of euthanasia, while 109 (30%) believed otherwise.
The variable most strongly associated with a negative attitude toward euthanasia and with the opinion that the best palliative care might be a solution to the problem is religious belief (P<0.0001).
The attitudes of physicians practising palliative care in Italy are not different from those reported by previous studies which investigated the attitude of other health professionals. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Soin palliatif, Euthanasie, Médecin, Ethique, Italie, Europe, Enquête, Questionnaire, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Palliative care, Euthanasia, Physician, Ethics, Italy, Europe, Survey, Questionnaire, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0155328
Code Inist : 002B27C. Création : 21/05/1997.