The protective effect of AIDS-related behavioral change among injection drug users : A cross-national study.
This study assessed the relationship between self-reported acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) behavioral change and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serostatus among injection drug users.
The study sample involved 4419 injection drug users recruited from drug abuse treatment and nontreatment settings in 11 cities in North America.
South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia.
The World Health Organization multisite risk behavior questionnaire was used, and either blood or saliva samples for HIV testing were obtained.
Subjects were asked, « Since you first heard about AIDS, haye you done anything to avoid getting AIDS ? » Results.
The protective odds ratio for behavioral change against being infected with HIV was 0.50 (95% confidence interval=0.42,0.59).
While there was important variation across sites, the relationship remained consistent across both demographic and drug use history subgroups.
Injection drug users are capable of modifying their HIV risk behaviors and reporting accurately on behavioral changes.
These behavioral changes are associated with their avoidance of HIV infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Epidémiologie, Prise risque, Changement comportement, Autoévaluation, Homme, International, Etude comparative, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Epidemiology, Risk taking, Behavior change, Self evaluation, Human, International, Comparative study, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0154167
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 21/05/1997.