The prevalence of last year use of alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana and cocaine in the U.S. population and conditional prevalence of a proxy measure of last year dependence among last year users of each drug class were assessed as a function of age, gender and ethnicity.
Analyses were based on three aggregated waves (1991,1992 and 1993) of the nationally representative samples of the general population aged = 12 interviewed in the National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse (n=87915).
An approximation of DSM-IV drug-specific last year dependence for each drug class was derived from self-reported symptoms of dependence, data on frequency and quantity of use and drug-related problems reported for the last year.
Descriptive and multivariate analyses were conducted.
The inclusion of cigarettes among the drugs, the large number of cases and the wide age range of respondents (>12) enable us to make drug, age, gender and ethnic comparisons not otherwise possible in any other data set.
The proxy measure of dependence, however, has limitations. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Cocaïne, Marihuana, Cigarette, Nicotine, Dépendance, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Démographie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Cocaine, Marihuana, Cigarette, Nicotine, Dependence, Prevalence, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Demography, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0152838
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 21/05/1997.