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  1. Training chemical dependency counselors to treat nicotine dependence.

    Article - En anglais

    To test the effectiveness of providing chemical dependency (CD) staff with a knowledge-and-skills-building workshop on treatment of nicotine dependence. we employed a nested cross-sectional design with six outpatient CD programs in Nebraska (3 intervention, 3 control sites).

    Data on tobacco counseling provided by CD staff were obtained by telephone from sequential samples of smokers currently receiving alcohol treatment at each participating site.

    Intervention site clients with clinic visits after the staff training workshop were no more likely than intervention-site clients with clinic visits before the workshop to report having been counseled about their smoking (OR=0.95,95% confidence interval (Cl) : 0.74-1.21).

    However, control-site clients were significantly more likely to report having beencounseled about smoking during the second half of the study (OR=2.15,95% CI : 1.49-3.08), even though staff training was not provided at control sites until data collection had been completed.

    These findings suggest that in some alcohol treatment programs simple monitoring of staff counseling practices may be sufficient to increase the frequency of attention to tobacco.

    In others, more intensive efforts might be needed to shift CD staff toward more consistent treatment of nicotine dependence.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Dépendance, Nicotine, Cigarette, Traitement, Sevrage toxique, Formation professionnelle, Conseiller psychologique, Homme, Personnel sanitaire

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Dependence, Nicotine, Cigarette, Treatment, Poison withdrawal, Occupational training, Counseling psychologist, Human, Health staff

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0152799

    Code Inist : 002B18H04. Création : 21/05/1997.