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  1. Fulltext. Trends in overweight among US adults from 1987 to 1993 : A multistate telephone survey.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, this study describes trends in the prevalence of overweight between 1987 and 1993 : Methods.

    Data were examined from 33 states participating in an ongoing telephone survey of health behaviors of adults (n=387 704).

    Self-reported weights and heights were used to calculate sex-specific prevalence estimates of overweight for each year from 1987 to 1993.

    Time trends were evaluated with the use of linear regression.

    Results

    Between 1987 and 1993, the age-adjusted prevalence of overweight increased by 0.9% per year for both sexes (from 21.9% to 26.7% among men and from 20.6% to 25.4% among women).

    The increasing linear trend was observed in all subgroups of the population but was most notable for Black men (1,5% per year) and men living in the Northeast (1.4% per year).

    Secular changes in smoking and leisure-time physical activity did not entirely account for the increase in overweight.

    Conclusions

    The prevalence of overweight among American adults increased by 5% between 1987 and 1993.

    Efforts are needed to explore the causes of this adverse trend and to find effective strategies to prevent obesity.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Epidémiologie, Adulte, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Tendance, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Démographie, Mode de vie, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Epidemiology, Adult, Human, United States, North America, America, Trend, Prevalence, Risk factor, Demography, Life habit, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0152663

    Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 21/05/1997.