In order to measure changes in HIV-related behaviors among heterosexual alcoholics following treatment, we conducted a prospective cohort study of 700 self-identified alcoholics recruited from five public alcohol treatment centers, all of which included HIV risk-reduction counseling.
Respondents underwent an HIV antibody test and interviewer-administered questionnaire at entry to alcohol treatment and after a mean of 13 months later.
Compared to baseline, at follow-up there was an overall 26% reduction in having sex with an injection-drug-using partner (23% versus 32%, P<. 001) and a 58% reduction in the use of injection drugs (15%, versus 37%, P<001), along with smaller improvements in other behaviors.
Respondents also showed a 77% improvement in consistent condom use with multiple sexual partners (35% versus 20%, P<. 01) and a 23% improvement in partner screening (71% versus 57%, P<. 001), Respondents who remained abstinent showed substantially greater improvement than those who continued to drink.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Alcoolisme, Sevrage toxique, Traitement, Changement comportement, Comportement, Santé, Comportement sexuel, Prise risque, Etude longitudinale, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Alcoholism, Poison withdrawal, Treatment, Behavior change, Behavior, Health, Sexual behavior, Risk taking, Follow up study, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0152599
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 21/05/1997.