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  1. Akathisia in adults with mental retardation : Development of the akathisia ratings of movement scale (ARMS).

    Article - En anglais

    We developed an akathisia rating scale for use with persons who have mental retardation and screened for the occurrence of akathisia in three samples : 66 adults receiving maintenance neuroleptic treatment, 20 adults not receiving neuroleptics, and 8 adults undergoing neuroleptic dose reduction.

    The scale had an acceptable level of interrater reliability and validly measured group differences related to neuroleptic treatment status.

    Using an empirically derived cut-off score, we estimated the prevalence rate for akathisia to be 5% in neuroleptic-free subjects, 17% in neuroleptic-maintenance subjects, and 25% in neuroleptic-reduction subjects.

    Akathisia, dyskinesia, and stereotypy manifested as qualitatively different movement topographies.

    The occurrence of dyskinesia stereotyped movement disorder was associated significantly with an increased occurrence of akathisia.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Echelle évaluation, Trouble moteur, Trouble comportement, Arriération mentale, Trouble développement, Chimiothérapie, Psychotrope, Traitement, Neuroleptique, Validation test, Fidélité test, Stéréotypie, Dyskinésie, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Psychométrie, Homme, Toxicité, Déficience intellectuelle, Système nerveux pathologie, Trouble neurologique, Mouvement involontaire, Extrapyramidal syndrome, Akathisia Ratings of Movement Scale Bodfish et al, Akathisie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Evaluation scale, Motor system disorder, Behavioral disorder, Mental retardation, Developmental disorder, Chemotherapy, Psychotropic, Treatment, Neuroleptic, Test validation, Test reliability, Stereotypy, Dyskinesia, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Psychometrics, Human, Toxicity, Intellectual deficiency, Nervous system diseases, Neurological disorder, Involuntary movement, Extrapyramidal syndrome, Akathisia

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0147338

    Code Inist : 002B02U01. Création : 21/05/1997.