Examination of children's responses to two preventive intervention strategies over time.
To examine long-term effects of two forms of preventive intervention designed to increase families'understanding of parental affective disorder and to prevent depression in children.
Thirty-six families who had a nondepressed child between ages 8 and 15 years and a parent who had experienced affective disorder were enrolled and randomly assigned to either a clinician-facilitated intervention or a lecture discussion group.
Each parent and child were assessed prior to randomization, after intervention, and approximately 1 1/2 years after enrollment.
Assessments included standard diagnostic interviews, measures of child and family functioning, and interviews about experience of parental affective disorder and intervention effects.
Children in the clinician-facilitated group reported greater understanding of parental affective disorder, as rated by self-report, rater-generated scales, and parent report, and had better adaptive functioning after intervention.
Parents in the clinician-facilitated intervention group reported significantly more change.
Findings from both interventions support the value of a future-oriented resiliency-based approach.
The greater effects of the clinician-facilitated intervention support the need for linking cognitive information to families'life experience and involving children directly in order to achieve long-term effects.
Mots-clés Pascal : Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Parent, Milieu familial, Etude comparative, Age scolaire, Enfant, Homme, Préadolescent, Adolescent
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sanitary program, Prevention, Depression, Mood disorder, Parent, Family environment, Comparative study, School age, Child, Human, Preadolescent, Adolescent
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0137749
Code Inist : 002B18D09. Création : 21/05/1997.