Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most commonly acquired gastrointestinal emergency in neonates.
We retrospectively surveyed all cases of confirmed NEC treated at the Beilinson Medical Center (BMC) (now Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus) during a 12 year period to determine whether the establishment of a department of pediatric surgery has influenced the treatment and outcome of NEC patients.
Of the 48 patients, 23 were patients treated in the « early period », 1982-87, when surgery was performed in the Department of General Surgery by staff trained in pediatric surgery (group I), and 25 were treated in the « later period » 1988-93, in the same neonatal intensive care unit, with surgical supervision by the new Department of Pediatric Surgery (group II).
We found that 32% of the group II patients were of extremely low birthweight (<1,000 g) compared with 13% of group I. They also had lower Apgar scores, and a higher percentage needed respiratory assistance (56 vs. 26%, P=0.02).
All those infants of group II who had been born in other hospitals and were transferred to BMC for treatment were in an advanced state of disease and all required surgery.
Total mortality decreased from 22% in group I to 8% in group II.
This decrease may be attributed to improved supportive treatment in the neonatal intensive care unit, earlier surgery for NEC based on relative rather than absolute indications, higher rates of primary resection, and better postoperative care. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Entérocolite nécrosante, Service hospitalier, Pédiatrie, Chirurgie, Précoce, Rétrospective, Résultat, Traitement, Pronostic, Nouveau né, Homme, Israël, Asie, Service santé, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Necrotizing enterocolitis, Hospital ward, Pediatrics, Surgery, Early, Retrospective, Result, Treatment, Prognosis, Newborn, Human, Israel, Asia, Health service, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0137329
Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 21/05/1997.