Infertility among human immunodeficiency virus-positive women : incidence and treatment dilemmas.
The increasing demand for fertility advice among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - positive women under our care led us to review the incidence of infertility and the ethical problems associated with its management.
All HIV-positive women who attended the HIV outpatients clinic from October 1990 to the end of January 1996 were studied.
The main outcome measures were :
The number of women undergoing infertility investigations before and after HIV diagnosis, their demographic and social details, and the outcome of these investigations.
Most of the 183 women studied were in their reproductive years (mean age 32.7 ± 6.7 years).
Nine women had undergone infertility investigations, and/or treatment before HIV diagnosis, three of whom were diagnosed with HIV during routine testing prior to IVF treatment.
Six declined further infertility treatment after discovering their HIV status.
Eight women have undergone infertility investigations after HIV diagnosis but none have achieved pregnancy to date.
Management decisions may have been hampered by ethical uncertainties in several cases.
In conclusion therefore, as requests for infertility treatment from HIV-infected women occur and may become more common as the prevalence of HIV infection in women continues to rise, the ethical issues associated with the management of this problem demand urgent attention so that clear guidelines are available to aid treatment decisions.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ethique, Recommandation, Conduite à tenir, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Séropositivité, Stérilité femelle, Incidence, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Homme, Femelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethics, Recommendation, Clinical management, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Seropositivity, Female sterility, Incidence, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0135988
Code Inist : 002B20A04. Création : 21/05/1997.