The sociodemographic pattern of tobacco cessation in the 1980s : results from a panel study of living condition surveys in Sweden.
To analyse the factors that determined whether or not people were successful in quitting tobacco during the 1980s in Sweden.
A logistic regression model was used for the analyses and included : education, marital status, socioeconomic group, social network, physical activities, cigarette consumption, and years spent smoking as independent variables.
Men and women were analysed separately for smoking.
A specific univariate analysis was also performed for men who used snuff.
A panel of 5104 randomised people aged 16-84 years was interviewed in 1980-81 and followed up in 1988-89 in the survey of living conditions undertaken by Statistics Sweden.
The participation rate was 86%. The panel included 1546 men and women who were daily smokers.
There were 418 daily users of snuff among the men, and 129 men both smoked and used snuff.
Together 26% of women and 23% of men had quit smoking.
Five per cent in both groups were new smokers.
Among men, 26% had quit using snuff and 5% had begun smoking.
New snuff users among men were 5%. In the multivariate analysis, unmarried men kept smoking at significantly higher rates (OR 2.1 ; 95% CI 1.2,3.6), as did those men who smoked 11-20 cigarettes/day (OR 2.2 ; 95% CI 1.5,3.4), or more than 20 cigarettes/day (OR 2.8 ; 95% CI 1.4,5.7).
Among women, smoking 11-20 cigarettes/day was also a significant factor (OR 3.3 ; 95% CI 2.1,5.0). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Sevrage toxique, Tabagisme, Statut socioéconomique, Réseau social, Statut conjugal, Niveau étude, Exercice physique, Evaluation, Epidémiologie, Homme, Suède, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Poison withdrawal, Tobacco smoking, Socioeconomic status, Social network, Marital status, Education level, Physical exercise, Evaluation, Epidemiology, Human, Sweden, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0132527
Code Inist : 002B18I15. Création : 21/05/1997.