Smoking habits and risk of fatal stroke : 18 years follow up of the Oslo study.
To examine the risk of fatal stroke in relation to smoking habits in men screened for the Oslo study.
The Oslo study is a prospective, cohort study of the epidemiology and preventive aspects of cardiovascular diseases in middle aged men.
Screening started in May 1972 and results after 18 years of follow up are reported.
There were 16 209 men aged 40-19 years, of whom 16 173 had no stroke history.
Eighty five men died from stroke, of whom 48 were daily cigarettes smokers, 7 were pipe and cigar smokers, 15 smoked cigarettes and pipe or cigars daily, 11 were previous cigarette smokers, and 4 had never smoked cigarettes.
Results ofproportional hazards regression analysis adjusted for age, diastolic blood pressure, and glucose concentration showed the following rate ratios (RR) (95% confidence interval) of smoking groups compared with those who had never smoked or had previously smoked :
combined cigarette and cigar or pipe smokers,
RR=6.1 (3.0,12.5) ;
RR=4.1 (2.3,7.4) ;
and pipe and/or cigars only RR=2.2 (0.9,5.5).
The overall, age adjusted risk of smoking cigarettes daily was 3.5 and was found to increase with increasing cigarette consumption.
Regardless of their smoking group, stroke cases had increased diastolic (DBP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) when compared with men who had not had a stroke. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Accident cérébrovasculaire, Mortalité, Facteur risque, Evolution, Toxicité, Homme, Mâle, Epidémiologie, Etude cohorte, Prospective, Norvège, Europe, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Cérébrovasculaire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Stroke, Mortality, Risk factor, Evolution, Toxicity, Human, Male, Epidemiology, Cohort study, Prospective, Norway, Europe, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Cerebrovascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0132252
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 21/05/1997.