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  1. Respiratory health effects of industrial air pollution : a study in east Lancashire, UK.

    Article - En anglais

    Study objective

    To determine whether there was a higher incidence of respiratory ill health in children living near to a cement works than in those from a different area, and if so whether the higher incidence was due to the use ofa hazardous waste-derived fuel at the works.

    Study design

    A sample of the population of children living near the cement works (the study area) was compared with a sample of children living between 9 and 19 km away from the site (the control area).

    Setting

    The cement works is located on the north eastern edge of a small rural town in east Lancashire.

    Methods

    Data were collected via the use of a health questionnaire.

    This was distributed through selected primary schools to families who had one or more children of primary school age (5-11 years).

    Main results

    The study and control populations were comparable in terms of response rates, gender, and socioeconomic indicators.

    There was no significant difference in the incidence of asthma (as diagnosed by a general practitioner) between the two areas when adjustment for hayfever was made.

    The incidence of sore throat was significantly higher in the case area, a difference not explained by other factors.

    For two other non-specific indicators of respiratory health (blocked nose and sore eyes) there was a significantly higher incidence in the study area, although hayfever and mould were also significant influences. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Santé et environnement, Industrie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Incidence, Toxicité, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Health and environment, Industry, Respiratory disease, Incidence, Toxicity, Child, Human, Epidemiology, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0132232

    Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 21/05/1997.