Respiratory health effects of industrial air pollution : a study in east Lancashire, UK.
To determine whether there was a higher incidence of respiratory ill health in children living near to a cement works than in those from a different area, and if so whether the higher incidence was due to the use ofa hazardous waste-derived fuel at the works.
A sample of the population of children living near the cement works (the study area) was compared with a sample of children living between 9 and 19 km away from the site (the control area).
The cement works is located on the north eastern edge of a small rural town in east Lancashire.
Data were collected via the use of a health questionnaire.
This was distributed through selected primary schools to families who had one or more children of primary school age (5-11 years).
The study and control populations were comparable in terms of response rates, gender, and socioeconomic indicators.
There was no significant difference in the incidence of asthma (as diagnosed by a general practitioner) between the two areas when adjustment for hayfever was made.
The incidence of sore throat was significantly higher in the case area, a difference not explained by other factors.
For two other non-specific indicators of respiratory health (blocked nose and sore eyes) there was a significantly higher incidence in the study area, although hayfever and mould were also significant influences. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Santé et environnement, Industrie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Incidence, Toxicité, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Health and environment, Industry, Respiratory disease, Incidence, Toxicity, Child, Human, Epidemiology, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0132232
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 21/05/1997.