To evaluate the reliability of data supplied in a case-control study by proxy respondents for cases who were too ill to do so themselves.
A hospital based, case-control study of the current use of oral contraceptives (OC) and cardiovascular diseases.
» controls matched to a subset of cases were compared with those supplied by proxy respondents about the true controls.
Hospitals in 21 centres from Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America.
For a subset of cases, 403 pairs of controls - one « true » and one proxy - were interviewed. « True » controls were matched by age, place, and time of admission and were admitted with 1 of 27 permissible diagnoses not associated with OC use.
Proxy controls were either relatives or friends of true controls.
Levels of concordance between data from proxy and true controls were high for most variables regarding recent events, including current OC use, but were greatly diminished when detailed information, particularly from the past, was required.
Husbands were usually the best proxy, although this was question-specific.
The sensitivity and specificity of proxy responses were 93% (95% confidence intervals : 77%, 99%) and 100% (98%, 100%) respectively, for current use of OC. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Fiabilité, Donnée, Réponse, Milieu familial, Conjoint, Environnement social, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Contraception, Voie orale, Contraceptif, Méthodologie, Evaluation performance, Homme, Epidémiologie, Etude comparative, International, Etude en condition contrôlée, Ami
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Reliability, Data, Response, Family environment, Spouse, Social environment, Cardiovascular disease, Contraception, Oral administration, Contraceptive, Methodology, Performance evaluation, Human, Epidemiology, Comparative study, International, Controlled environment study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0132128
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 21/05/1997.