To assess current trends in male mortality from cancers of the oral cavity/pharynx, oesophagus, and larynx (upper aerodigestive tract cancers), and relate these to past national consumption of alcohol and smoking of cigarettes.
To assess the impact of current trends in alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking on likely future rates of these cancers.
Mortality data for cancers of the oral cavity/pharynx, oesophagus, and larynx were obtained for the years 1955-89 in 25 countries located in North America, Australasia, Europe, and Japan.
Information on past and current alcohol consumption was also obtained for these countries, while current national lung cancer rates were used as a proxy measure of past smoking levels.
The World Health Organization mortality database.
National death rates from cancers of the oral cavity/pharynx, oesophagus, and larynx (considered together) are currently increasing among men and are most strongly associated with the level of per capita consumption of alcohol 20 years previously.
They were less strongly associated with the level of alcohol consumption 10 years ago, and only very weakly associated with the current level of lung cancer mortality (a marker of past smoking habits). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Pharynx, Larynx, Oesophage, Cavité buccale, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Ethanol, Tabagisme, Analyse tendance, Facteur risque, Mortalité, Toxicité, Homme, Mâle, Epidémiologie, International, Etude comparative, OMS, ORL pathologie, Pharynx pathologie, Larynx pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Oesophage pathologie, Cavité buccale pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Pharynx, Larynx, Esophagus, Oral cavity, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Ethanol, Tobacco smoking, Trend analysis, Risk factor, Mortality, Toxicity, Human, Male, Epidemiology, International, Comparative study, WHO, ENT disease, Pharynx disease, Larynx disease, Digestive diseases, Esophageal disease, Oral cavity disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0131662
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 21/05/1997.